This paper by international human rights expert Paul Joffe offers some analysis on “veto” and “consent” and highlights important differences. It addresses these issues in the context of proposed third party developments in or near Indigenous peoples' lands and territories. The issue of “consent” or “free, prior and informed consent” (FPIC) often arises in the context of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, adopted by the UN General Assembly in 2007. Indigenous peoples’ “consent” is affirmed in, but does not originate with, the UN Declaration. Yet too often key legal sources and arguments in favour of consent are not fairly considered, if not fully ignored. A recent example is “Understanding FPIC”, a report by Ken Coates and Blaine Favel.
To read more, please see Veto and Consent.